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What is the definition of depression and what are the methods used to treat it?


Depression is more than having a bad day or feeling sad now and then. It’s not a feeling that passes quickly or that you can snap out of easily. It’s a serious emotional health condition where individuals feel persistent sadness, and that sadness — along with other symptoms — interferes with school, work and daily life.

Depression is different for each person. One person might be too sad to even get out of bed; another person might express his/her depression through anger or restlessness. If you’re not sure if you — or a friend — is struggling with depression, consider the symptoms listed below. Depression can be effectively treated so don’t hesitate to reach out for help.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of depression can vary. Individuals might experience symptoms that are emotional, physical or behavioral, or any combination of the three.

• Feelings of sadness or irritability
• Agitation, restlessness or anger
• Inability to sleep or sleep too much
• Loss of appetite or an increase in appetite
• Hopelessness, guilt or worthlessness
• Loss of interest in activities you typically enjoy
• Thoughts of death or suicide
• Difficulty concentrating, remembering things or making decisions
• Easily distracted
• Easily exhausted; taking more effort than usual to do things
• Physical problems like headaches, back pain or digestive trouble
• Crying more than usual
• Overly sensitive to situations
• Isolating from friends and family
• Abusing drugs or alcohol